The origin story of CCTV cameras is bound to draw a few dirty looks from at least 7 out of 10 people who are made aware of it. During WWII in 1942, installed CCTV cameras at the missile testing center were known as Test Field VII in Peenemünde Airfield, Nazi Germany. Their first use was to monitor the launch of V-2 missiles, the world’s first long-range guided ballistic missiles. But subsequently, they were used for less explosive purposes such as the telecast of popular boxing matches to various theatres, reaching absolute peak popularity during Muhammad Ali’s era, from the 1960’s to the 70’s. 50 million viewers were recorded for the infamous ‘Rumble in the Jungle’ fight in 1974 and a whopping 100 million viewers in 1975 for ‘Thrilla in Manilla’.
CCTV was gradually replaced by pay-per-view as we moved into the 80’s. 1968 saw the first use of the best CCTV camera as a way to fight crime, in the city of Olean in New York. Times Square soon followed suit in 1973. They saw it as a cheaper alternative for a way to reduce crime instead of expanding the already existing police departments even though a few studies immediately after their installation showed no decrease (as well as increase) in crime rates. In 2008, a survey was conducted by Nieto which demonstrated that 75% of US Companies have made significant investments in CCTV monitoring systems to promote a safe workplace as well as for the relative safety of their products.
CCTV cameras can be installed in the area of interest by simply mounting them at the correct angle and then connecting the CCTV power supply is all it takes. Keeping the DVR connected to the cameras is essential as well, since all the recordings are stored in it in digital format. It is recommended to store the DVR in a secure place because in the event of the cameras being damaged, the information on the DVR becomes of utmost importance.
CCTVs have seen a wide range of use since their inception and some of the most prevalent ones are listed below:
- They promote & improve public safety by placing a watchful eye over any potential criminal; any person would think twice before committing a crime in plain view of a CCTV camera, which are installed in more or less every single public place today. This effectively brings down crime rate and provides a safe & secure environment for the public.
- CCTV cameras play a big role in traffic monitoring purposes in this day and age as they are used to detect traffic congestion as well as accidents that may have taken place. Real-time data being transmitted to the monitors from these cameras allows for swift resolution of the problem, greatly enhancing the efficiency of the entire system.
- CCTVs can be used to monitor various hazardous industrial processes which may pose a risk to the person(s) operating the machinery and keeping tabs on the specified personnel greatly reduces the chance of any accidents, or at the least, increases the response time if anything does happen.
CCTV camera systems have come a long way since their inception and have changed the way our society functions. There have been several issues raised regarding how it affects our privacy as public citizens but the safety of a person has always been held in a higher regard than that of privacy.